What is an eco-neighborhood?

Article by Wesby Energies

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To minimize the impact on the environment, cities are designed or developed with a view to sustainable development. These are eco-districts. Governed by very strict criteria, eco-districts are different from traditional districts. They are created all over the world according to a well-adopted concept.

Definition of an eco-neighborhood

An eco-neighborhood is an urban area in modern ecological features created to provide sustainable development. In other words, it is urban planning with a well-defined purpose. Match the management of resources that the population and economic activities need to the management of the waste they produce. It has its own energy supply, so as not to have an ecological footprint.

 

What does an eco-neighborhood look like?

The eco-districts integrate R + 4 type buildings which provide space for walking or cycling. They include a variety of places, homes, public spaces and schools. The inhabitants can also exercise economic activities, shops and local services, but also enjoy cultural and sports facilities.
Also, given the short recycling and distribution processes and circuits, they include reprocessing of waste on their production air. This building is designed to minimize the neighborhood’s impact on the environment. This meets the legal obligations of the tertiary decree. Indeed, this decree aims to improve performance for a better efficiency of energy management. You can find out more by reading our decryption of the tertiary decree.

The characteristics of an eco-neighborhood

There are many criteria that characterize an eco-neighborhood in addition to those mentioned below: habitat variability, limitation of waste, water management, but also sustainable architectures.

The existence of many plants and public spaces

The eco-district includes a strong plant presence, but also large public spaces and quality leisure activities. Attention is still paid to the vegetation.

Better management of energy consumption

Aiming for complete independence, the eco-district pays particular attention to energy moderation. Indeed, its well-oriented smart buildings are self-sufficient in terms of energy.
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The density

The eco-district consumes as little space as possible at the rate of one or two hundred inhabitants per hectare. Always located next to shops and public facilities, it is served by public transport.

Better travel management

This intelligent district favors walking and cycling, it is generally located near city centers, shops and activities or even public transport networks. This aims to get residents to prefer gentle means of circulation to the detriment of cars.

Examples ofeco-neighborhoods

Eco-districts exist all over the world, whether in China, Canada, Japan, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, Sweden or even Switzerland.

In France

France has eco-districts in Auxerre, Bordeaux, Brétigny-sur-Orge, Fresnes, Grenoble, Strasbourg, Rennes, Mulhouse and Mont-de-Marsan.

In Germany

Vauban Friborg-en-Brisgau is located near Freiburg in Germany, it covers 34 hectares with 600 jobs and 2000 homes. Its estimated population of around 5,500 benefits from public transport with a car-sharing system. The Kronsberg district in Hanover is also an eco-district inhabited by around 7,300 people.

In Africa

Urban investment has been neglected in Africa. On the other hand, it has several ecological districts like the Sébénikoro 2000 eco-district in Niger, Steyn city in South Africa and Ksar Tafilelt in Algeria.

Energy management, smart building, smart city, eco-district: how are these themes linked?

The eco-district is part of the “smart city” combining strategy and technical expertise to respond to sustainable development. Indeed, in the face of growing environmental problems, it was important to promote an environmentally friendly city. To alleviate climate change, pollution, loss of biodiversity and others, it is important to reduce the consumption of energy resources. Our Wesby platform supports you in having a smart building. Discover our Wesby range to save money by monitoring your consumption.

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